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Protests-Revolts

عن المعرفة والمأسسة والتعليم

استهلال مفاهيمي لا تزال أحد أهم الأفكار التي أضاءها الحراك الثوري (المستمر، والمتراكم إلى الآن) في بلادنا، وفي بنية العقل العربي، في شأن المسافة بين المجتمع والدولة/ المؤسسة، هي أنّ تغوُّل وتنامي حجم المؤسسة وثقافتها لا يمكن مقاربته إلا باعتباره ردة لفعل، أيّ أنّ المجتمع (والفرد/ المواطن في قلبه) هما دومًا "الفعل". وبقدر زخم هذا الفعل وفعاليته على الأرض، تتحدد دومًا "ردة الفعل"، باعتبارها معاكسة له في الاتجاه، وتكاد تقاربه في المقدار. وصولًا إلى مراحل انتصر فيها المجتمع على المؤسسة (كما حدث في مصر وتونس، مرحليًّا)، وأعاد إنتاج نفسه –كظاهرة خطابية، ورمزية وإلى درجة ما مادية- بشكلٍ ما، في وقت استغلته المؤسسة لإعادة إنتاج نفسها، هي أيضًا، كموجة تالية ...

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أيام بلا تاريخ: الجزء الثاني

[غرافيتي قرب ميدان التحرير في القاهرة. تصوير سنان أنطون]

 رغم طابع الزمن الحلزوني الذي يبدد أحيانًا الحدود الفاصلة بين الماضي والحاضر في عالم شُيد على النظم الحدودية، يمر الزمن ووقته في عقولنا وعلومنا على نحوٍ مستقيم لا يعرف الإلتواء. في أوقاتٍ يسير الزمن ببطء ممل حتى يشعر المرء بثقل خطواته الهابطة على الأرواح كالمطارق. وفي أوقاتٍ آخرى يركض الزمن هاربًا من الأيدي العديدة الممدودة التي تحاول يائسةً أن تمسك بأعناق اللحظة المتسربة دائمًا. في كلتا الحالتين يسير الوقت آبيًا أن يخضع لإرادة أحد إلا نفسه. حتى وإن تشابهت الأحداث أحيانًا، يكفينا أن ننظر في وجهي "الطويل" و"القصير" اليوم كي نعرف أن شباب الستينيات لم يعد شبابًا. مر أكثر من خمسين عامٍاً على الوجهين المحتدين كالحجارة في سيارة الترحيلات، والنقاش الذي ...

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استذكار غرامشي

"ماذا سيكون رأي غرامشي حيال مآزقنا الحالية؟" تساءلَ رئيس بلدية مدينة كالياري الإيطالية اليساري الشاب ماسيمو زيدا ثم أجاب: "ربما سيفكّر بأن أمورنا تحسنت، لكننا نواجه أيضاً مشاكل كثيرة في سردينيا... ولهذا نحتاج إلى أن نتنظّم". بهذا التصريح أعلن رئيس البلدية الذي يرتدي الجينزالأزرق عام 2017 "عاماً لغرامشي" وافتتح مؤتمر "قرن من الثورات: مسارات غرامشية في العالم". وكان 27 نيسان لحظة مناسبة لتسليط الضوء من جديد على حياة وأعمال أنطونيو غرامشي في الذكرى الثمانين لموته، في السنة التي حددت أيضاً الذكرى المئوية للثورة الروسية ومرور سبع سنوات على الانتفاضات العربية التي اتسمت بالاضطراب. إن الطاقة والحماس اللذين أحاطا بهذه المناسبة الخاصة ...

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أيام بلا تاريخ

[صورة شهدي عطية]

 "علينا أن أن نتحمل أفكارنا طوال الليل، حتى تقف البديهية النضرة في البرد بلا حراك" – والس ستيفنز **** كان "الطويل" جالسًا في سيارة الترحيلات المكدسة بالرفاق وهو يدخن في صمت. على عكس رفاقه لم يكترث "الطويل" بالاقتراب نحو الكوة الضيقة لينظر من خلال الثقوب الحديدية كي يرى نبض الشارع الذي لم يتجسسه منذ أكثر من عام. كان الدفء القادم من هذه النوافذ كافيًا. وكانت أشعة الشمس الواقعة على جلد "الطويل" الجاف والبارد قد أيقظت حنينًا في فؤاده إلى ما هو خارج الجدران، حنينًا جعله يعزف عن التقدم نحو الكوة كي لا تخر قواه ولا يتغلب الشوق على الصمود. استطاعت الشمس والدفء وحدهما أن يذكرا “الطويل” بطعم الحياة التي كانت، وبإمكانية الحياة خارج ...

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Between the World and Algeria: International Histories of the Algerian War of Independence

Darcie Fontaine, Decolonizing Christianity: Religion and the End of Empire in France and Algeria. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016. Jennifer Johnson, The Battle of Algeria: Sovereignty, Health Care, and Humanitarianism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2016. Jeffrey James Byrne, Mecca of Revolution: Algeria, Decolonization, and the Third World Order. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. [This review essay was first published in the Spring 2017 issue of the Arab Studies Journal. For more information or to subscribe, click here.]  The history of Algeria is undergoing a boom, especially the history of what ...

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New Texts Out Now: Behrooz Ghamari, Remembering Akbar: Inside the Iranian Revolution

Behrooz Ghamari, Remembering Akbar: Inside the Iranian Revolution. New York: OR Books, 2016. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Behrooz Ghamari: (BG): Originally, I did not conceive this as a book. Every New Year’s Eve I began writing little vignettes and character portraits about my years as a political prisoner in Iran. I was released from prison on New Year’s Eve of 1985, so that was the significance of the day for me. For one day every year I removed myself from the routines of everyday life and spent the whole day writing. Writing these stories for me was a mode of meditation and remembrance honoring a life that seemed so distant and disconnected to the ...

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Revisiting ‘Foucault in Iran’: A Response

[Cover of Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment]

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is the final installment of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] First, I would like to thank SCTIW Review for organizing this symposium. It is a great privilege to read such a comprehensive scrutiny of one’s own work. I know how time consuming this kind of critical engagement with a text is and ...

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Foucault, the Iranian Revolution, and the Politics of Collective Action

[Cover of Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment]

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is part five of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] In Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi presents a comprehensive overview of Michel Foucault’s writings on the revolutionary wave that swept across Iran, culminating in February 1979 with the ...

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Foucault: Against the Ideology of Enlightenment

[Cover of Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment]

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is part three of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] At various points throughout Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi’s excellent account of Foucault and the Iranian Revolution one finds a term not typically associated with Foucault, that of ideology. This term, much more at home in Marxist social analyses, ...

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Foucault and Iran

[Cover of Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi,

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is part one of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] In his remarkable book, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi presents an important analysis of Michel Foucault’s journalistic writings penned for the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera during ...

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The Syrian Uprising Six Years On: Causes, Dynamics, Prospects, GMU Lecture by Jadaliyya Co-Editor Bassam Haddad

       The Middle East Policy Group at the Schar School of Policy and Government, in collaboration with the Middle East and Islamic Studies program of George Mason University, invites you to attend the second session of the Reflections on Middle East Policy series.       The Syrian Uprising Six Years O

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The Precarity of Youth: Entrepreneurship is not the Solution

In 2011, the year people across the Arab world poured into the streets demanding bread, dignity and social justice, The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class, by labor economist Guy Standing, hit the stands. Though Standing’s work wasn’t informed by events in the region, his book on labor and life amid anxiety in the 21st century speaks more pointedly to the realities of many young people in the Middle East and North Africa than the much-anticipated 2016 Arab Human Development Report. The term “precariat” is an aggregate of precarity and the proletariat, used to describe a group of people in society that experience what Standing refers to as the ...

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Longing for Life in Yemen- A STATUS/الوضع Interview with Afrah Nasser

In this interview for STATUS/الوضع, host Mohamad Ali Nayel speaks with Afrah Nasser about the forgotten war in Yemen. Nasser reflects on the humanitarian crisis created by the war in Yemen and the situation of Yemeni women six years after thousands of women marched the streets of Sanaa commemorating International Women’s Day.  Afrah Nasser worked as a reporter at the Yemen Observer newspaper in Yemen (2008-2011) and started blogging since Yemen’s 2011 uprising, focusing on politics and human rights ...

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Call for Abstracts: The Politics of Boycotts (Deadline: 1 September 2017)

 The Politics of Boycotts Issue number 134 (May 2019) Abstract Deadline: September 1, 2017 Issue editors: E. Natalie Rothman and Andrew Zimmerman This issue of the Radical History Review seeks to contribute historical depth and comparative breadth to recent discussions around the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) campaign in support of Palestine. Our aim is to create a broad basis for historical and strategic discussion by exploring a variety of spatio-temporal ...

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حوار مع مظفر النواب - الجزء الثاني

س: متى كانت أول مرة سجنت فيها لمدة طويلة؟ م ن: بعد ثورة تموز كانت هناك انتخابات نقابة المعلمين في الكاظمية وذهبنا لننتخب. وقتل مدرس شيوعي من الأعظمية. كان البعثيون هم الذين قتلوه ولكنهم اتهمونا. وبالرغم من وجود عبد الكريم قاسم فإن جانباً من القضاء كان معهم، خصوصاً الشرطة. اتهموني بالقتل وأنا لم أكن موجوداً هناك أساساً. كان المقتول واحداً منا. وضعوني في موقف السراي لمدة أربعة أشهر. والموقف أصعب من السجن. كل يوم كانوا يأتون بأناس حشاشين ومجانين. ثم هو ضيق جداً. وأذكر في فترة ما بدأوا باحتجاز صباغي الأحذية ...

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Morocco's Hirak Movement: The People Versus the Makhzen

Morocco’s Hirak protests are the latest bout in the tug-of-war between the Makhzen (Moroccan regime) and the victims of hogra. The late Mouhcine Fikri, the political prisoner Nasser Zefzafi, and Nawal Ben Aissa have emerged as the emblematic figures of this movement. Al Hirak al Chaabi, or the Popular Movement, is an independent, popular movement that was started in the northern Moroccan city of Al Hoceima in October 2016 by local inhabitants who were fed up with the status quo. The protests have ...

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Call for Papers -- Freedom of Speech and Higher Education: The Case of the Academic Boycott of Israel

Trinity College Dublin 12 September 2017 Conference Announcement and Call for Papers Academic freedom includes the liberty of individuals to express freely opinions about the institution or system in which they work, to fulfil their functions without discrimination or fear of repression by the state or any other actor, to participate in professional or representative academic bodies, and to enjoy all the internationally recognized human rights applicable to other individuals in the same ...

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Media on Media Roundup (April 25)

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup tackles several important themes shaping the Middle East mediascape. A leaked video allegedly showing Egyptian soldiers killing detainees in the Sinai Peninsula caused a great deal of debate surrounding Egypt’s human rights record. In Lebanon, a Hezbollah-organized media tour of the country’s demarcation line with Israel generated controversy regarding Lebanon’s relationship to Israel and Hezbollah’s military power. Following a referendum extending ...

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A Letter to Foucault: Selectively Narrating the Stories of Secular Iranian Feminists

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is part six of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi’s Foucault in Iran builds a chapter-by-chapter defense ...

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Foucault’s Folly: Iran, Political Spirituality, and Counter-Conduct

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is part four of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] Foucault’s folly! That, of course, is the common indictment against Foucault’s ...

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Rescuing the Revolution from Its Outcome

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is part two of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi’s Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the ...

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Creative Insurgency in the Arab World - A STATUS/الوضع Interview with Marwan Kraidy

In this interview for STATUS/الوضع, host Katty Alhayek speaks with Marwan Kraidy about his new book The Naked Blogger of Cairo, which tackles creative insurgency and the Arab uprisings. Marwan M. Kraidy is the Anthony Shadid Chair in Global Media, Politics and Culture, and Founding Director of the Project for Advanced Research in Global Communication (PARGC) at the Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, where he is also affiliated with the Middle East Center. An expert in global ...

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Egypt Media Roundup (March 6)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to egypt@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.]  Political Rights Court acquits Mubarak of ordering 2011 protester killings The Court of Cassation has ordered the final acquittal of ousted President Hosni Mubarak, clearing him of ...

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Media on Media Roundup (February 21)

This week’s Jadaliyya "Media on Media" roundup delves into several topics affecting the Middle East and North Africa region. Trump’s ‘Muslim ban’ continues to make headlines, prompting a series of interesting debates and discussions. Security researcher Ryan Lackey advises visa-holders affected by Trump’s "Muslim ban" on how to enter the U.S. with their digital privacy intact. The Washington Post discusses a German news story accusing a refugee "sex mob" of harassing ...

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