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Law

Entretien avec Sébastien Lamy sur le droit de l'urbanisme au Liban: la nécessité d'une doctrine juridique

[Chantier de reconstruction du centre-ville de Beyrouth. Photo Eric Verdeil, 2016, Creative Commons, NC]

[Les projets de construction sur le littoral de Raouché ou sur la plage de Ramlet el Baida ont fait l’objet, ces derniers temps, d’intenses mobilisations in situ visant à s’y opposer. Fait relativement nouveau, ils ont aussi suscité, tout comme certains projets impliquant la démolition d’immeubles anciens, des contentieux juridiques. Ces recours en justice ont certes démontré la compétence des opposants mais aussi les faiblesses des multiples couches juridiques qui régulent la construction et l’usage des sols dans les villes libanaises. Le contexte est donc à la fois celui d’une fragilisation du droit et d’un recours accru à celui-ci. Cela rend essentiel un ...

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وزارة الصمت الوطني: عن الارشيف المفترض لوزارة الداخلية في بلاد الواق واق

[لوحة للفنان العراقي محمد مهر الدين. المصدر: الحياة]

كان الصمت السبيل الأنجح في إدارة وتوجيه الرأي العام في العراق. وإن شئتم الدقة فإن فرض الصمت هو التعبير الأمثل، كان هذا شأن وزارة الداخلية دائما، وبالأخص في العهود الجمهورية "المجيدة" ولا شك. وفي التحديد إشارات سائبة يمكن أن تُفيد أني بصدد أن أكتب مدحا مجانيا لحكومات العهد الملكي؛ على الاقل إن كلامي لن يتعلق بتلك العهود، وما كانت عليه حال وزارة الداخلية فيها. مع ذلك، فإن ورقة مهملة محفوظة في وزارة التخطيط، كان لصديق عمل هناك، في عقدين متتاليين، أن يطلع عليها، وهي عبارة عن مطالعة كتبت لصالح موظف عراقي ذيلت المطالعة باسمه، وهو جبار "السايس". المطالعة مرفوعة إلى أمين العاصمة: المفتي. ونقرأ في المطالعة: "لقد عدت بالحصانين إلى الإسطبل، بعد يوم طويل من ...

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Visualizing Palestine: Justice Denied

For victims and survivors of the 2014 assault on Gaza, Israel’s own military courts are the only place to seek legal recourse. These courts do not offer a genuine avenue for justice to Palestinians.  Of the 500 Palestinian complaints which were filed with Israeli military courts in relation to the 2014 Gaza war, 196 were dismissed immediately, 133 were lost in the system, and only 31 were brought forward for criminal investigation. Three soldiers were eventually convicted for minor felonies such as credit card theft and looting. Military commanders and politicians—those most responsible for the massive destruction and loss of life—have never been held accountable ...

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صدر حديثا: الصراع على السلطة الدستورية: دور المحكمة الدستورية العليا في السياسة المصرية

  نُشر هذا الكتاب للمرة الأولى في العام 2007 باللغة الإنجليزية بقلم الدكتور تامر مصطفى، أستاذ الدراسات الدولية في جامعة سايمون فريزر في كندا، وهو يقدم تحليلًا مفصلًا لتقاطع القانون والسياسة في مصر، مع تركيز خاص على المحكمة الدستورية العليا.   بالنسبة إلى العديد من القراء اليوم، قد تكون المحكمة الدستورية العليا معروفة أكثر للدور الذي لعبته في توجيه النتائج السياسية بعد سقوط الرئيس المصري السابق حسني مبارك في العام 2011، مع الأحكام المثيرة للجدل بإبطال مجلس الشعب ومجلس الشورى والجمعية التأسيسية فضلًا عن أحكام أخرى. بيد أن تحليل تلك الأحداث، التي ساعدت على رسم مصير جماعة "الإخوان المسلمين" واتجاه عملية الانتقال السياسي في مصر، يقع خارج نطاق هذه ...

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Media on Media Roundup (April 4)

[Portrait of Taha Hussein. Wikimedia Commons]

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup discusses several important stories affecting the MENA mediascape. According to CNN and CBS, the recent “electronics ban” by the Trump administration was largely prompted by intel that al-Qaida and ISIS militants are developing ways to plant explosives in electronic devices. VICE Media are looking to expand their website and digital channel to the Middle East, aiming to open approximately fifty new staff positions in Dubai. Suppression of free speech persists, as Lebanese citizen Ahmad Amhaz faces trial following his publication of a Facebook post deemed offensive to members of government and Egyptian author Ahmad Naji ...

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Sir Nigel Rodley versus Donald Trump on Torture

[Left to right: Sir Nigel Rodley and President Donald Trump]

Donald Trump is a man who defines himself by the number of norms he violates, according to Michael D’Antonio, the author of a biography, The Truth About Trump. “He's always refused to be like other people when it comes to manners and respect for others and loyalty to the truth…He's kind of a barbarian in that way—he gets a thrill out of disturbing other people and proving that he doesn't have to go along with what other people expect.”  One issue most people expect a US president to go along with—or at least pretend to go along with—is respect for a jus cogens norm. Jus cogens norms “constitute the pinnacle of the hierarchy of sources of international ...

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An Emergent Political Icon on the Landscape of Istanbul: The Palace of (In)Justice

[A protest outside the Palace of Justice. Photograph by Ayşe Öncü.]

[A protest outside the Palace of Justice. Photograph by Ayşe Öncü] All the anomalies of authoritarianism in contemporary Turkey seem telescoped, or short circuited in Istanbul’s “Palaces of Justice” (Adalet Sarayı). One of these “palaces” is on the Anatolian side in Kartal, and two in Europe, in Çağlayan and Bakırköy. These are all brand new buildings, inaugurated one after another by the incumbent AKP (Justice and Development Party) during its ten-year tenure in office. Monumental in scale, they have been designed to centralize all thirty-five district courts dispersed in different parts of the city under one roof. And, akin to many attention-grabbing construction ...

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The Gulf Centre for Human Rights' 2015 Report: A STATUS/الوضع Conversation with Kristina Stockwood

In this Quick Thoughts interview for STATUS/الوضع, Nour Joudah speaks with Kristina Stockwood about the Gulf Center for Human Rights' 2015 report entitled "Human Rights Defenders in Prison and in Peril throughout the Gulf and Neighboring Countries." Kristina Stockwood is a human rights advocate who has been Chair of the Advisory Board of the Gulf Centre for Human Rights (GCHR) since 2011. Specialising in support to human rights defenders, women’s rights and freedom of expression, she also works with human rights NGOs in the Middle East to provide development support. Previously, she worked for IFEX, the international freedom of expression network, for 20 years ...

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Today I Testified Before the CUNY Task Force on Anti-Semitism

[Sarah Schulman.]

Today I testified before the CUNY Task Force on Anti-Semitism. I was accompanied by my attorney, Jed Eisenstein, president of the board of Jewish Voice for Peace. I also had legal support from Palestine Legal and The Center for Constitutional Rights. One member of the Task Force, Paul Shechtman, was not present. He is an attorney who—in addition to being on this Task Force—represents the New York Police Department officer who killed Akai Gurley, and his firm has also represented Dominique Strauss-Kahn. In his absence, I was interviewed by Judge Barbara Jones. Upon arrival at their Park Avenue Office, I was presented with a fourteen-page list of accusations filed by ...

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Turkey Media Roundup (March 9)

[Cizre, 2 March 2016. Image by Fatih Pinar.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every week.]   English Crackdown on Journalists

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Sevan Nisanyan icin izan talep ediyoruz! / The Sevan Nisanyan Question

[Sevan Nişanyan. Image via change.org]

Sevan Nişanyan için izan talep ediyoruz! / The Sevan Nişanyan Question [This petition was first published on 28 February 2016. For more information, or to sign the petition, click here. More information about Sevan Nişanyan’s court case can also be found here. The English text has been lightly edited for stylistic purposes.] Sevan Nişanyan iki yılı aşkın bir süredir cezaevinde. Kesinleşmiş toplam cezası 11,5 yılı aştı. Henüz sonuçlanmamış diğer davalarla birlikte bu sürenin yakın zamanda 25 yılı aşma ihtimali var. 25 yıl az değil! Bir ömrün üçte biri... Topluma, bireye, çevreye ya da doğaya zarar veren kişiler elbette cezalandırılırlar; ne de olsa her topluluk var ...

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Something Is Rotten in the State

[

[This is the introduction to a special supplement of Theory & Event, entitled Something Is Rotten in the State, devoted to the contemporary political context in Turkey. The table of contents and complete issue can be accessed here.] The political everyday never ceases to be eventful for those who live in Turkey or who follow it closely: the consolation of a smooth veneer disguising the wretched operations of structural violence is a luxury rarely exported to the global south. But what has been unfolding in Turkey since the early summer of 2015 has gone far beyond the usual state of agitation. The violence that has been unleashed onto the political scene after the ...

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Egypt’s Power Game: Why Cairo is Boosting its Military Power

Recent spending patterns in Egypt pose a dilemma. While experiencing the worst economic crisis in decades, which involves a dwindling of resources, a sharp currency devaluation and an acute shortage of foreign exchange, levels of military spending in Egypt have dramatically increased. How can the two trends be reconciled? Why would a cash-strapped government spend massively on guns when its population of 90 million needs more bread and jobs and services? This peculiar pattern began to take shape as soon ...

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تامر مصطفى: الصراع على السلطة الدستورية: دور المحكمة الدستورية العليا في السياسة المصرية

    جدلية: ما الذي دفعك إلى تأليف هذا الكتاب؟     تامر مصطفى: بدأ البحث من أجل تأليف هذا الكتاب سنة 1997 حين كنت طالب دكتوراه في القاهرة. ولقد سحرتني حقيقة أن المحاكم المصرية كانت منتدى مهماً للناشطين المعارضين كي يطعنوا في صحة نتائج انتخابات مجلس الشعب في 1995. وكانت الصحف تمتلئ يومياً بتغطية للقضايا التي فضحت الغش والتلاعب بالانتخابات. وكنت مشوشاً حيال فهم لماذا يسمح نظام استبدادي متأصّل للمحاكم حتى أن تستمع لقضايا كهذه. وفي الوقت نفسه هناك القليل من الأبحاث حول وظائف ...

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New Texts Out Now: Tamir Moustafa, الصراع على السلطة الدستورية: دور المحكمة الدستورية العليا في السياسة المصرية

Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? TM: Research for this book began in 1997, when I was a Ph.D. student studying in Cairo.  I was fascinated by the fact that the Egyptian courts had become such an important forum for opposition activists to contest the results of the 1995 Maglis al-Shaab elections.  The newspapers were filled every day with coverage of cases that exposed election fraud and manipulation.  I was at a loss for understanding why an entrenched, authoritarian ...

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Israel, Palestine, and the Poetics of Genocide

“Genocide” evokes crematoria, mountains of skulls, and mass graves. It is what the Nazis did to the Jews of Europe, what the Khmer Rouge did to fellow Cambodians, what Hutu nationalists did to Tutsis in Rwanda. The term, like the practices of death and social destruction to which it refers, is odious. Charging genocide is like ringing an alarm because, when this crime is occurring or when it has occurred, consequences for perpetrators should follow. Our approach is to trace the political history of ...

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With Muslim Ban, Trump and Bannon Wanted Chaos, but Not Resistance

The Trump executive order that puts into place a series of unconstitutional restrictions on migration of citizens of seven Middle Eastern and African countries is anything but an instance of harried incompetence by an inexperienced White House staff. Rather, it is, like so many other Trump executive orders and presidential memoranda, a malignant, strategic attack on democracy. A closer look at the pre-history and logic of the ban reveals that the Muslim Ban executive order is one among many drastic ...

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Making American Torture Great Again

Early on in Donald Trump’s bid to be the Republican Party nominee for president of the United States, he pledged to bring back the waterboard and “a whole lot worse.” (Waterboarding is a torture technique that involves strapping a person to a board and dousing his cloth-covered face with water to cause the sensation of drowning.) Like most of the other Republican contenders who vied for the 2016 nomination (and eleven of the twelve Republican contenders in the 2012 race), Trump ran on promises to ...

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التحريض والإهمال والتواطؤ: كيف وصلنا إلى اغتيال حتّر

افتتاحية لم يكن أشدنا تشاؤمًا ليتوقع أن نستفيق اليوم على خبر جريمة اغتيال الكاتب ناهض حتّر بإطلاق النار عليه أمام قصر العدل؛ بيت القانون ومخزن «هيبة الدولة» الهشّة. هذه الجريمة جاءت بعد أسابيع من التحريض والتهديد على الكاتب منذ أن شارك على صفحته على الفيسبوك كاريكاتير بعنوان «رب الدواعش»، زُعمت «إساءته للذات الإلهية» بسبب تصويره رؤيةَ أنصار داعش لله، ليتم توقيفه بإيعاز من رئيس الحكومة هاني الملقي، ويبدأ التحقيق معه في الثالث عشر من آب الماضي، ثم يفرج عنه بكفالة بعد أكثر من شهر على اعتقاله. اليوم، إن ...

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The Nakba and Anti-Blackness

The Nakba marks a momentous rupture in the history of Arab connection to the land of Palestine. The forcible, mass removal of native Palestinians in 1948 thus overwhelms the history, literature, activism, and memory regarding the Palestinian Question. To begin in 1948 is to narrate a story of collective loss, one that gives vivid expression to the collusion of state powers, the asymmetric capacities between industrialized and developing nations, the unyielding sway of nationalism, and to the remarkable ...

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الأبعاد البنيوية والرمزية للعنف

حوار مع أحمد المرزوقي، سجين سابق في تزمامارت منذ خمس وعشرين سنة، بدا كما لو أن المغرب يقوم بمحاولة جدية لمواجهة انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان السابقة وتطبيق حكم القانون. فقد تعهّد الملك الحسن الثاني بطي صفحة “سنوات الرصاص”، كما تُدْعى فترة القمع السياسي في المغرب، وتطبيق معايير حقوق الإنسان الدولية في البلاد. وفي أوائل التسعينيات، أطْلقت السلطات سراح السجناء السياسيين، وأغلقت سجن تزمامارت السري سيء الصيت، وعقدت جلسات استماع علنية حول أربعين عاماً من انتهاكات حقوق الإنسان الفاضحة. لكن التغير المفاجئ عكس ضعف ...

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ماذا تفعل "جاد" بالمدمنين في الأمن العام الأردني؟

الإدمان هو، بحسب تعريف "الجمعية الأميركية لطب الإدمان"، "مرض مزمن يصيب النشاطات الدماغية كالمكافأة والتحفيز والذاكرة.."، ويتطلّب علاجاً على أصعدة مختلفة، جسدية، نفسية واجتماعية. وتشير المراجع الطبية إلى إستحالة الإقلاع عن الإدمان، لاسيّما إدمان الموّاد المخدرة، من دون الخضوع لمنهجية علاجية كاملة. "السجن"، إذاً، لا يعد،ّ بأي شكلٍ من الأشكال، حلاً لمشكلة الإدمان. وبالرغم من أن بعض الدول لا زالت تعتمد السجن كعقاب لمدمني المخدّرات، إلا أن المستغرّب فعلاً هو لجوء إحدى منظمات ...

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Can the Kurdish Question Be Settled by Killing People in Sur?

23 February 2016, Diyarbakır I am in Suriçi district with Lale Mansur, Zeynep Tanbay, Ferhat Tunç, Ayşegül Devecioğlu, Bahri Belen, and Dilek Gökçin, who came from Istanbul today. We are meeting Sibel Yiğitalp, the HDP (People’s Democratic Party) Diyarbakır deputy who is on constant watch in Sur. Ms. Yiğitalp is able to talk with the families inside from time to time. A heavy bombardment is going on. Small particles are falling where we stand.   We listen to phone conversations with the people in ...

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Astro Noise: War on Terror as (Virtual) Reality

Laura Poitras: Astro Noise, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, 5 February – 1 May 2016 [This review was first published on Warscapes.] On the eighth floor of the Whitney Museum of American Art, a large projection brings viewers back to the aftermath of the attacks of 11 September 2001. One side of the screen plays O’Say Can You See, a two-channel film by artist, filmmaker and journalist Laura Poitras containing slow-motion footage of stunned onlookers at Ground Zero in the days following 9/11. A ...

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