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Democracy

‘Optimism of the Intellect’? How to Stay Hopeful in the Wake of Turkey’s Referendum Results

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Following the constitutional referendum in Turkey, which resulted in a narrow victory for the “Yes” camp (with fifty-one percent of the voters approving the constitutional changes that grant President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan unprecedented powers), pundits rushed to portray a grim picture, mourning “the death of Turkish democracy.” In an op-ed for Foreign Policy, titled “RIP Turkey, 1921-2017,” Steven Cook claimed that with this victory, Erdoğan not only “permanently closed a chapter of his country’s modern history” but also closed off the prospect that Turkey could become a democracy. Similarly, Dexter Filkins of the New Yorker argued, “after fifteen years of riding the ...

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الوضع العارض والمؤقت للشباب: ريادة الأعمال ليست حلاً

[ليندا هيرارا]

الوضع العارض والمؤقت (precarity*) للشباب: ريادة الأعمال ليست حلاً “لقد دُفعَ شباب اليوم إلى حالة عارضة ومؤقتة، دون طريقة لمعرفة إن كانت انتقالية أو دائمة”. زيجمونت باومان – الحداثة ونتائجها (2004) في عام 2011، العام الذي خرجتْ فيه الجماهير في أنحاء العالم العربي إلى الشوارع مطالبة بالكرامة والخبز والعدالة الاجتماعية اشتهر كتاب عالم اقتصاد العمل غاي ستاندنغ Guy Standing الذي حمل عنوان “البريكاريات: الطبقة الجديدة والخطيرة". وبالرغم من أن كتاب ستاندنغ عن العمالة والحياة وسط القلق في القرن الواحد والعشرين لا يدرس الأحداث في هذه المنطقة إلا أنه يتحدث بوضوح أكبر عن واقعٍ يعيشه كثيرٌ من الشبان في الشرق الأوسط وشمال أفريقيا أكثر من “تقرير التنمية البشرية ...

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عصر الإنسانويّة ينتهي

أشيل مبيمبي [ترجمة سنان أنطون] ليست هناك إشارة إلى أن  2017 ستختلف كثيراً عن 2016 ستظلّ غزة، التي تحتلّها إسرائيل منذ عقود، أكبر سجن مفتوح على الأرض. ستستمر الشرطة في الولايات المتحدة بقتل السود بلا هوادة. وسينضم مئات الآلاف إلى أولئك القابعين في المجمّع الصناعيّ-الاعتقاليّ الذي أعقب أنظمة عبوديّة المزارع وقوانين «جم كرو». ستستمر أوربا في انحدارها إلى السلطويّة الليبرالية، أو ما سمّاه المنظّر الاجتماعي ستيوارت هال: الشعبويّة السلطويّة. على الرغم من اتفاقيات معقّدة تم التوصل إليها في محافل دوليّة فسيستمر التدمير البيئي لكوكب الأرض، وستتحول الحرب على الإرهاب، أكثر فأكثر، إلى حرب فتّاكة بين أشكال مختلفة من العدميّة. ستزداد اللامساواة في أرجاء العالم، لكن بدلاً من ...

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Mapping the Counter-Histories of Port Said: A Critical Reading Into a Communal Mapping Project

[Audience contributes to communal map. Photo by Youmna El-Khattan.

“Here the tabular space--of the map, the canvas, the textbook--comes to be transformed into a topology that rapidly acquires depth when it is bent and deviated by excluded rhythms and dislocating narratives. Space is never empty or merely geometrical; it is always full of detailed, unfolding configurations. It is not only physical but also temporal; it is not a mute object but product and process…it flees the closure of planned, panoptical, measured, geometric framing."--- Ian Chambers, Mediterranean Crossings       Map of the stories of the people of Port Said خريطة حكاوي أهالي بورسعيد      [Communal Map of Port ...

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صدور الوضع! منبر جديد ثنائي اللغة والعدد3.2

يسرُّ مؤسسة الدراسات العربية أن تعلن عن الصدور الرسمي لمشروعها الأكثر طموحاً حتى الآن: مجلة الوضع الصوتية! إنها موقع إلكتروني ثنائي اللغة، يصدر بالعربية والإنكليزية، ويحتوي على مقابلات وبرامج عن منطقة الشرق الأوسط متميّزة بعمقها وتنوّعها. وتقدم بالعربية بالتعاون مع "جدلية". يتضمّن هذا العدد "الرسمي" الأول المتاح على موقعنا الإلكتروني الجديد والتفاعلي عشرين مقابلة مع 41 ضيفاً حول 22 موضوعاً!   "لكن لنعد أولاً إلى خلفية المشروع. لقد عملنا بكد لأكثر من عام بقليل لإنتاج نسخة «بيتا» من مجلة "الوضع" (ستاتوس)، شكلت تيّاراً من الإنتاج الإعلامي المضاد للتيار السائد. ربما استمع بعضكم لمقابلاتنا مع بعضأهم الفنانين والموسيقيين ...

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Media on Media Roundup (December 14)

[Students and supporters protest the arrest of Lebanese University student Bassel Elamin for a Facebook status defending Syrian refugees against mistreatment. Photo by Richard Samour]

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup features stories on the manufacturing of media narratives during war, Egypt’s media laws, and a new ISIS radio show for concerned jihadis. The New York Times has scrutinized Bana Alabed’s Twitter account. A seven-year-old girl from East Aleppo who tweets with the help of her mother and has gained massive popularity online, although some question the authenticity of the account. Moreover, Jadaliyya has published an article calling for free and open debate on Syria, in reference to the frequently intolerant propaganda war being waged for the dominant media narrative. In Egypt, the press syndicate continues its struggle ...

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Media on Media Roundup (November 29)

[Image taken at a protest outside the Egyptian Journalists Syndicate in Cairo from May 2016. Image from Egyptian Chronicles Blog]

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup revolves around a number of topics dealing with Egypt’s legal dispute with its press syndicate, Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi’s absence from Twitter, and how White Helmets’ "Mannequin Challenge" video blew up in their face. Egyptian authorities have recently been under heat for their continuing efforts to silence opposition media. Imprisoned photojournalist Mahmoud Abou Zeid "Shawkan" was awarded an International Press Freedom Award in absentia by the Committee to Protect Journalists, for his dedication to documenting the Egyptian revolution. Commentators are questioning Sisi’s position towards the ...

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Media on Media Roundup (November 17)

[Trump following his election victory on 9 November 2016. Photo from Wikimedia Commons]

In this week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup: The United States has elected Donald Trump. As the dust settles from last Tuesday’s elections, global media outlets have reacted differently to Trump’s victory, including Arab media outlets, whose reactions varied according to their respective political affiliations. Many have criticized the Arab media’s coverage of the US presidential race, claiming that they have adopted the American liberal media’s narrative. Moreover, criticism has also been directed towards pro-Sisi media outlets in Egypt, after they joyfully cheered Trump’s victory. Turkey’s representative for Reporters Without Borders will be placed on trial ...

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Media on Media Roundup (November 8)

[Arabic sign warning of camera surveillance]

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup revolves around a number of issues dealing with freedom of expression, dictators on social media, and memes as a political vehicle. A newly published report entitled “140 Characters” claims that Arab gulf states are surveilling, imprisoning, and silencing activists for social media posts, citing testimony from Human Rights Watch that a number of journalists and activists have been tracked down using high-tech social media surveillance. Moreover, with 2 November marking the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists, Reporters Sans Frontiers released a list of "press freedom predators," ...

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Media on Media Roundup (October 20)

[Archive photo of a Saudi woman voting in the first municipal elections in December 2015. Image from Al Arabiya]

This week, Jadaliyya's "Media on Media" roundup offers a variety of news, focusing on how agenda-driven media operate in the region. There is a visible division in media coverage of the war in Syria that belies a deep political rift. After the recent U.S. presidential debates, alternative outlets are questioning the mainstream media’s agenda with respect to the U.S.’s role in the ongoing war in Syria. Meanwhile, Russian media outlets are exploiting this division, providing a completely different version of the war, particularly in Aleppo, due to heavy state regulation. In the meantime, Syrian refugees continue to be dehumanized for bigger political projects, ...

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Letter Calling on SUNY-Plattsburgh to Defend Simona Sharoni's Academic Freedom

[The following letter was issued by the Committee on Academic Freedom of the Middle East Studies Association on 12 September 2016 in response to a continuing campaign to harass and intimidate Professor Simona Sharoni for her views on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.] Dr. John Ettling President, State University of New York, Plattsburgh president_office@plattsburgh.edu Dr. Jake Liszka Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs, State University of New York, Plattsburgh provost-office@plattsburgh.edu Professor Andrew Buckser Dean of the School of Arts and Sciences State University of New York, Plattsburgh abuck005@plattsburgh.edu Dear President Ettling, ...

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Media on Media Roundup (August 16)

[Screenshot from Google Maps showing the absence of a label on Palestine/Palestinian territories]

This week’s Media on Media Roundup includes a special section dedicated to a discussion about the controversy surrounding Google Maps’ apparent omission of the Palestinian territories from the popular application. Much of the coverage has focused on the backlash Google is receiving despite their issuing of a press releases that maintains it action was merely a technical error. In Israel, activists are reporting a local censor curtain being drawn by the government. Content on social media, in this case Twitter, that is deemed as undesirable for citizens’ viewing is placed on a block list that ensures nobody in Israel is allowed to access or see it. These stories, ...

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Media on Media Roundup (April 19)

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup covers important stories affecting the MENA mediascape. In Turkey, a historic referendum resulted in the expansion of President Erdogan’s powers, which many journalists and professionals fear will increase authoritarianism in the country. In an exclusive interview with AFP, Syrian president Bashar al-Assad stated that allegations of chemical attacks in Khan Sheikhoun, Idlib, are false and fabricated by Western media to justify US attacks on a Syrian ...

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هل الإنتفاضات والثورات العربية مؤامرة خارجية؟

في حوار جرى مؤخرا مع عدد من الشبان والشابات المتعلمين من خريجي الجامعات الفلسطينية هالني وراعني وصدمني درجة انتشار الإعتقاد بينهم، وإن لم يكن جميعهم، ان الإنتفاضات والثورات العربية هي مؤامرة غربية. أنا أعرف أن هذا الإعتقاد واسع الإنتشار منذ فترة، وأن صفحات "الفيسبوك" ملىء بنظرية المؤامرة لتفسير أحدث عدة وليس فقط الإنتفاضات والثورات العربية. لكني لم أتوقع أن الشباب المتعلم وبعضهم من حملة الشهادات العليا سيأخذ ضرورة بها. لكن، ما لفت نظري بشكل خاص هو شدة إعتقاد البعض بهذا التفسير للثورات ...

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Trump’s Travel Ban: What We Know, What We Don’t Know, and What May Happen Next

On 27 January 2017, President Donald J. Trump issued an executive order, “Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States.” Trump’s travel ban (or “Muslim ban,” as it has come to be called—not inaccurately, since it clearly targets Muslim-majority countries) has of course received a huge amount of attention. However, even among those attempting to follow the story closely, areas of confusion and misinformation have remained. In part, this has to do with the state of chaos that ...

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خطاب آنجيلا ديفس في مسيرة النساء في واشنطن

خطاب آنجيلا ديفس في مسيرة النساء في واشنطن يوم 21 كانون الثاني،2017  آنجيلا ديفس (مواليد 1944) ناشطة يساريّة معروفة في حركة الحقوق المدنية واليسار الأمريكي والعالمي. برزت في الستينيّات في صفوف الحزب الشيوعي الأمريكي وكانت مقرّبة من حركة الفهود السود. وهي كاتبة وأكاديميّة متقاعدة.   [ترجمة سنان أنطون] *** "في لحظة صعبة في تاريخنا، فلنذكّر أنفسنا، نحن، مئات الآلاف، ملايين النساء، ومتحولو الهويّة الجنسيّة، والرجال والشباب المتجمعون هنا في مسيرة النساء، بأننا نمثل قوى التغييرالمصممّة ...

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Media on Media Roundup (December 20)

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup deals with a number of issues that occupied the media scene in the region, from the end of the battle over Aleppo to the state of journalism during 2016 and the cultural misrepresentation of Muslims on the BBC. After a four-year battle over the Syrian city of Aleppo, government-led forces have been described as "somewhat victorious" as they hold control over the entire city, initiating an evacuation process for the remaining civilians in the city. ...

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Media on Media Roundup (December 6)

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup deals with a number of issues, such as the publicised self-representation of countries known for regular attacks on media freedom. Following the recent controversy revolving the "Muezin Bill" which would ban the public call for prayer in the Israeli-occupied territories, hackers staged a retaliation by interrupting Israel’s Channel 2 with the call to prayer. Assafir, a Lebanese newspaper, examines "Al-Asaker," the politically-charged ...

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Media on Media Roundup (November 22)

In this week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup: The battle between the Turkish government and Turkish media continues. Hezbollah flexes its muscles in Syria, and the moon is ready for its close up. According to a recent report published by Freedom House, Turkey has been downgraded to "not free" status as a result of the increasing government clampdown on media. In a counter-offensive, Turkish opposition outlets have begun courting international support, while TRT, a pro-Erdoğan state ...

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المعرفة العلمية، الليبرالية، والإمبراطورية: علم السياسة الأميركي والشرق الأوسط الحديث

ملبيّاً دعوةَ ميشيل فوكو إلى “أن نشكّك بأنفسنا حول تطلعاتنا إلى نوع القوة الذي من المفترض أنه يصاحب العلم” (1980، 81)، يستقصي هذا الفصل الافتتان المعاصر بالعلم في علم السياسة؛ ويبيّن أيضاً كيف أن فرضيات أساسية ومصطلحات متكرّرة، عملتْ كي تمثِّلَ قيماً ليبرالية عبْرَ جعلها تبدو بديهية. وتمَّ إنتاجُ جماعة ابستمولوجية عند تقاطع مجموعتين من المعايير: الإيمان بالقيمة الضمنية للعلم كمنهجٍ لإنتاج الحقيقة الموضوعية عن العالم الواقعي، من ناحية، والالتزام بقيمة الحفاظ على الليبرالية، من ناحية أخرى. ويشيرُ التقاطعُ ...

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Media on Media Roundup (November 2)

In this week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup, the war of words over the push for a US-backed “no fly zone” in Syria continues as an extension of the war on the ground: Alternet scrutinizes mainstream media’s “high-octane push for war,” using the 2011 war in Libya as a lesson. Lebanon’s presidential nominee General Michel Aoun has a history of recurring clashes with the press, which, in a country where it is technically illegal to disparage the head of state, does not bode well for the concept of ...

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United in Nationalism: Notes on the Aftermath of the Failed Coup Attempt in Turkey

As is by now well known, on 15 July 2015 some segments of Turkey’s military forces attempted a coup against the country’s elected Justice and Development Party (AKP) government. On the night of the coup attempt, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, one of the founders of the ruling party, called on the people to defend democracy against the coup organizers. That night, thousands risked their lives and took to the streets, which were occupied by military tanks, to side with the elected government. In a world ...

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Turkey’s Cyclical Coups

Turkey has faced an unprecedented number of crises in the last year. The spillover from the war in Syria has undermined a peace process between the government and the country’s Kurdish community, with the success of Syrian Kurdish militias on the border with Turkey producing fears of separatism among Turkey’s Kurds and prompting the government to relaunch a counter-insurgency campaign (read: war) in the largely Kurdish southeastern provinces. Nationwide, the country has experienced at least five major ...

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Between 'Sultanism' and Liberal Democracy: The Peculiarities of a Failed Coup in Turkey

The dominant mainstream Western media narrative regarding the failed military coup in Turkey revolves around the theme of a democratically-elected leader going mad and suddenly becoming an autocrat. It reminds one of the good old themes of “sultanism” or “oriental despotism.” Of course, the massive purges that are currently taking place give credit to that narrative. This narrative seems to be very popular even among some Western leftist publications and analysts. However, one needs a more nuanced ...

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