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Democracy

هل الإنتفاضات والثورات العربية مؤامرة خارجية؟

في حوار جرى مؤخرا مع عدد من الشبان والشابات المتعلمين من خريجي الجامعات الفلسطينية هالني وراعني وصدمني درجة انتشار الإعتقاد بينهم، وإن لم يكن جميعهم، ان الإنتفاضات والثورات العربية هي مؤامرة غربية. أنا أعرف أن هذا الإعتقاد واسع الإنتشار منذ فترة، وأن صفحات "الفيسبوك" ملىء بنظرية المؤامرة لتفسير أحدث عدة وليس فقط الإنتفاضات والثورات العربية. لكني لم أتوقع أن الشباب المتعلم وبعضهم من حملة الشهادات العليا سيأخذ ضرورة بها. لكن، ما لفت نظري بشكل خاص هو شدة إعتقاد البعض بهذا التفسير للثورات العربية، والدفاع القوي والمنفعل بكل العواطف الجياشة والغضب العارم والمبرر أيضا، تجاه تاريخ العلاقة الإستعمارية والكلونيالية مع عدة دول غربية بما في ذلك دعمهم لأسرائيل. وأنا ...

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Trump’s Travel Ban: What We Know, What We Don’t Know, and What May Happen Next

[Seal of the President of the United States of America.]

On 27 January 2017, President Donald J. Trump issued an executive order, “Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States.” Trump’s travel ban (or “Muslim ban,” as it has come to be called—not inaccurately, since it clearly targets Muslim-majority countries) has of course received a huge amount of attention. However, even among those attempting to follow the story closely, areas of confusion and misinformation have remained. In part, this has to do with the state of chaos that followed from attempts to enforce the ban, which some have attributed to a deeply dysfunctional and inept administration and others have described as an intentional plan ...

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خطاب آنجيلا ديفس في مسيرة النساء في واشنطن

خطاب آنجيلا ديفس في مسيرة النساء في واشنطن يوم 21 كانون الثاني،2017  آنجيلا ديفس (مواليد 1944) ناشطة يساريّة معروفة في حركة الحقوق المدنية واليسار الأمريكي والعالمي. برزت في الستينيّات في صفوف الحزب الشيوعي الأمريكي وكانت مقرّبة من حركة الفهود السود. وهي كاتبة وأكاديميّة متقاعدة.   [ترجمة سنان أنطون] *** "في لحظة صعبة في تاريخنا، فلنذكّر أنفسنا، نحن، مئات الآلاف، ملايين النساء، ومتحولو الهويّة الجنسيّة، والرجال والشباب المتجمعون هنا في مسيرة النساء، بأننا نمثل قوى التغييرالمصممّة على منع ثقافات العنصرية والأبوية-الذكورية المحتضرة من أن تنهض من جديد. ندرك أنّنا عناصر جمعيّة فاعلة للتاريخ وبأن التاريخ لا يمكن أن يمحى مثل صفحات الانترنت. نعلم أنّنا ...

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Media on Media Roundup (December 20)

[A protest against the Turkish government's crackdown against opposition newspaper Zaman. Photo from Turkey Purge]

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup deals with a number of issues that occupied the media scene in the region, from the end of the battle over Aleppo to the state of journalism during 2016 and the cultural misrepresentation of Muslims on the BBC. After a four-year battle over the Syrian city of Aleppo, government-led forces have been described as "somewhat victorious" as they hold control over the entire city, initiating an evacuation process for the remaining civilians in the city. The events were met with major waves of criticism over social media, specifically with the international community’s impotence in light of news reporting on a major ...

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Media on Media Roundup (December 6)

[Promotional image to the film

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup deals with a number of issues, such as the publicised self-representation of countries known for regular attacks on media freedom. Following the recent controversy revolving the "Muezin Bill" which would ban the public call for prayer in the Israeli-occupied territories, hackers staged a retaliation by interrupting Israel’s Channel 2 with the call to prayer. Assafir, a Lebanese newspaper, examines "Al-Asaker," the politically-charged documentary about Egyptian conscription aired by Qatari-owned Al-Jazeera network, by analyzing the political relations between the two countries. Egypt and Qatar have ...

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Media on Media Roundup (November 22)

[Crowds gather outside the offices of Turkish opposition newspaper Zaman to protest a police raid of the publication in March 2016. Photo from Democracy Now!

In this week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup: The battle between the Turkish government and Turkish media continues. Hezbollah flexes its muscles in Syria, and the moon is ready for its close up. According to a recent report published by Freedom House, Turkey has been downgraded to "not free" status as a result of the increasing government clampdown on media. In a counter-offensive, Turkish opposition outlets have begun courting international support, while TRT, a pro-Erdoğan state outlet, has announced plans for expansion to an English base in order to appeal to a global audience. Also in Turkey, the debut of the Iranian film Muhammad: The Messenger of ...

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المعرفة العلمية، الليبرالية، والإمبراطورية: علم السياسة الأميركي والشرق الأوسط الحديث

[المصدر: موقع المصيريون صحافة يومية مستقلة]

ملبيّاً دعوةَ ميشيل فوكو إلى “أن نشكّك بأنفسنا حول تطلعاتنا إلى نوع القوة الذي من المفترض أنه يصاحب العلم” (1980، 81)، يستقصي هذا الفصل الافتتان المعاصر بالعلم في علم السياسة؛ ويبيّن أيضاً كيف أن فرضيات أساسية ومصطلحات متكرّرة، عملتْ كي تمثِّلَ قيماً ليبرالية عبْرَ جعلها تبدو بديهية. وتمَّ إنتاجُ جماعة ابستمولوجية عند تقاطع مجموعتين من المعايير: الإيمان بالقيمة الضمنية للعلم كمنهجٍ لإنتاج الحقيقة الموضوعية عن العالم الواقعي، من ناحية، والالتزام بقيمة الحفاظ على الليبرالية، من ناحية أخرى. ويشيرُ التقاطعُ بين العلم والليبرالية، الذي ليس مجرد اجتماع جرى بالمصادفة بين مجموعتين من المعايير، إلى تبادلية موجودة منذ مدة، ويشيرُ، كما سنرى، إلى قرابة اختيارية بين طرق ...

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Media on Media Roundup (November 2)

[A 2015 photo of the Michel Aoun who was elected President of Lebanon on 31 October 2016. Photo by Imadmhj via Wikimedia Commons]

In this week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup, the war of words over the push for a US-backed “no fly zone” in Syria continues as an extension of the war on the ground: Alternet scrutinizes mainstream media’s “high-octane push for war,” using the 2011 war in Libya as a lesson. Lebanon’s presidential nominee General Michel Aoun has a history of recurring clashes with the press, which, in a country where it is technically illegal to disparage the head of state, does not bode well for the concept of media freedom. “Alan Kurdi’s death was a critical juncture in refugee portrayals worldwide,” states a recently published study that explores the political maneuvering ...

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United in Nationalism: Notes on the Aftermath of the Failed Coup Attempt in Turkey

[Taksim Square, Istanbul. Photo by Yasemin Taşkın]

As is by now well known, on 15 July 2015 some segments of Turkey’s military forces attempted a coup against the country’s elected Justice and Development Party (AKP) government. On the night of the coup attempt, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, one of the founders of the ruling party, called on the people to defend democracy against the coup organizers. That night, thousands risked their lives and took to the streets, which were occupied by military tanks, to side with the elected government. In a world where democracy is by and large reduced to the ballot box, it might be easy to mistake elected-government rule with democracy. Yet 15 July was not the first time that the ...

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Turkey’s Cyclical Coups

Turkey has faced an unprecedented number of crises in the last year. The spillover from the war in Syria has undermined a peace process between the government and the country’s Kurdish community, with the success of Syrian Kurdish militias on the border with Turkey producing fears of separatism among Turkey’s Kurds and prompting the government to relaunch a counter-insurgency campaign (read: war) in the largely Kurdish southeastern provinces. Nationwide, the country has experienced at least five major Islamic State attacks since June 2015. Meanwhile, Turkey now hosts some 2.7 million Syrian refugees. Turkey has also experienced increasing political polarization since the ...

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Between 'Sultanism' and Liberal Democracy: The Peculiarities of a Failed Coup in Turkey

[President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Image via The (Russian) Presidential Press and Information Office]

The dominant mainstream Western media narrative regarding the failed military coup in Turkey revolves around the theme of a democratically-elected leader going mad and suddenly becoming an autocrat. It reminds one of the good old themes of “sultanism” or “oriental despotism.” Of course, the massive purges that are currently taking place give credit to that narrative. This narrative seems to be very popular even among some Western leftist publications and analysts. However, one needs a more nuanced viewpoint in order to assess the limits, threats, and also the potentials of the current situation. Here are some notes that may at least help a little. It is true that ...

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تقرير هشام جنينة: بين التجاهل التام وثراء المحتوى

نشر موقع "مدى مصر" في 15.06.2016 نسخة مسربة من تقريرالجهاز المركزي للمحاسبات التي أدت تصريحات ذات صلة لرئيسه، المستشار هشام جنينة، إلى تعبئة الإعلام الموالي للدولة ضده "لمبالغته" في تقدير حجم الفساد في مصر، ثم عزله من منصبه، وأخيراً ملاحقته قضائياً بتهمة نشر أخبار كاذبة وتكدير السلم العام.  تتلخص أهمية تسريب ونشر هذا التقرير في أنه يمثل المرة الأولى في تاريخنا المعاصر التي يتم فيها تسريب تقرير رسمي مفصل بهذا الحجم والشمول، وفي استعراضه لعدد متنوع وضخم، يكاد يكون خيالياً، من حالات إهدار المال العام والاجراءات الرسمية التي اتبعتها أكبر جهة رقابية في البلاد حيالها.  ولا أظنني أبالغ حين أقول أنه يعد أكبر حالات الـ "whistle ...

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عصر الإنسانويّة ينتهي

أشيل مبيمبي [ترجمة سنان أنطون] ليست هناك إشارة إلى أن  2017 ستختلف كثيراً عن 2016 ستظلّ غزة، التي تحتلّها إسرائيل منذ عقود، أكبر سجن مفتوح على الأرض. ستستمر الشرطة في الولايات المتحدة بقتل السود بلا هوادة. وسينضم مئات الآلاف إلى أولئك القابعين في المجمّع الصناعيّ-الاعتقاليّ الذي أعقب أنظمة عبوديّة المزارع وقوانين «جم كرو». ستستمر أوربا في انحدارها إلى السلطويّة الليبرالية، أو ما سمّاه المنظّر الاجتماعي ستيوارت هال: الشعبويّة السلطويّة. على الرغم من اتفاقيات معقّدة تم التوصل إليها في محافل ...

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Mapping the Counter-Histories of Port Said: A Critical Reading Into a Communal Mapping Project

“Here the tabular space--of the map, the canvas, the textbook--comes to be transformed into a topology that rapidly acquires depth when it is bent and deviated by excluded rhythms and dislocating narratives. Space is never empty or merely geometrical; it is always full of detailed, unfolding configurations. It is not only physical but also temporal; it is not a mute object but product and process…it flees the closure of planned, panoptical, measured, geometric framing."--- Ian Chambers, ...

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صدور الوضع! منبر جديد ثنائي اللغة والعدد3.2

يسرُّ مؤسسة الدراسات العربية أن تعلن عن الصدور الرسمي لمشروعها الأكثر طموحاً حتى الآن: مجلة الوضع الصوتية! إنها موقع إلكتروني ثنائي اللغة، يصدر بالعربية والإنكليزية، ويحتوي على مقابلات وبرامج عن منطقة الشرق الأوسط متميّزة بعمقها وتنوّعها. وتقدم بالعربية بالتعاون مع "جدلية". يتضمّن هذا العدد "الرسمي" الأول المتاح على موقعنا الإلكتروني الجديد والتفاعلي عشرين مقابلة مع 41 ضيفاً حول 22 موضوعاً!   "لكن لنعد أولاً إلى خلفية المشروع. لقد عملنا بكد لأكثر من عام بقليل لإنتاج نسخة ...

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Media on Media Roundup (December 14)

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup features stories on the manufacturing of media narratives during war, Egypt’s media laws, and a new ISIS radio show for concerned jihadis. The New York Times has scrutinized Bana Alabed’s Twitter account. A seven-year-old girl from East Aleppo who tweets with the help of her mother and has gained massive popularity online, although some question the authenticity of the account. Moreover, Jadaliyya has published an article calling for free and open debate ...

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Media on Media Roundup (November 29)

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup revolves around a number of topics dealing with Egypt’s legal dispute with its press syndicate, Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi’s absence from Twitter, and how White Helmets’ "Mannequin Challenge" video blew up in their face. Egyptian authorities have recently been under heat for their continuing efforts to silence opposition media. Imprisoned photojournalist Mahmoud Abou Zeid "Shawkan" was awarded an International Press Freedom Award ...

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Media on Media Roundup (November 17)

In this week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup: The United States has elected Donald Trump. As the dust settles from last Tuesday’s elections, global media outlets have reacted differently to Trump’s victory, including Arab media outlets, whose reactions varied according to their respective political affiliations. Many have criticized the Arab media’s coverage of the US presidential race, claiming that they have adopted the American liberal media’s narrative. Moreover, criticism has also been ...

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Media on Media Roundup (November 8)

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup revolves around a number of issues dealing with freedom of expression, dictators on social media, and memes as a political vehicle. A newly published report entitled “140 Characters” claims that Arab gulf states are surveilling, imprisoning, and silencing activists for social media posts, citing testimony from Human Rights Watch that a number of journalists and activists have been tracked down using high-tech social media surveillance. Moreover, with 2 ...

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Media on Media Roundup (October 20)

This week, Jadaliyya's "Media on Media" roundup offers a variety of news, focusing on how agenda-driven media operate in the region. There is a visible division in media coverage of the war in Syria that belies a deep political rift. After the recent U.S. presidential debates, alternative outlets are questioning the mainstream media’s agenda with respect to the U.S.’s role in the ongoing war in Syria. Meanwhile, Russian media outlets are exploiting this division, providing a completely ...

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Letter Calling on SUNY-Plattsburgh to Defend Simona Sharoni's Academic Freedom

[The following letter was issued by the Committee on Academic Freedom of the Middle East Studies Association on 12 September 2016 in response to a continuing campaign to harass and intimidate Professor Simona Sharoni for her views on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.] Dr. John Ettling President, State University of New York, Plattsburgh president_office@plattsburgh.edu Dr. Jake Liszka Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs, State University of New York, ...

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Media on Media Roundup (August 16)

This week’s Media on Media Roundup includes a special section dedicated to a discussion about the controversy surrounding Google Maps’ apparent omission of the Palestinian territories from the popular application. Much of the coverage has focused on the backlash Google is receiving despite their issuing of a press releases that maintains it action was merely a technical error. In Israel, activists are reporting a local censor curtain being drawn by the government. Content on social media, in this ...

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Media On Media Roundup (August 12)

This week’s Jadaliyya media on media roundup is set against the backdrop of a variety of issues. In Lebanon, an ad celebrating the country’s army was heavily criticized and eventually retracted after it was revealed that the soldier in the image was an Israeli, prompting a quick apology from the company. Elsewhere, Pokemon GO’s popularity has finally reached the point where it has been banned for the first time in a country. Iran issued a ban that outlawed the augmented reality video game. In ...

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The ‘Pelican Brief,’ the ‘Coup’, and the Matter of Parliamentary Immunity: The End of the End of Turkish Democracy

Recent Turkish parliamentary scandals—the "resignation" of Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu, the appointment of Binali Yıldırım, and the question of legal immunity for serving MPs—might seem rather inconsequential in the context of the violence, corruption, and increasingly brazen anti-democratic measures instigated, encouraged, tacitly supported or at least ignored by the ruling AK Party and President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. They might seem even less consequential in the context of the coup ...

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