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Making History in Iran: Education, Nationalism, and Print Culture

Farzin Vejdani, Making History in Iran: Education, Nationalism, and Print Culture. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2014. [This review was first published in the Spring 2017 issue of the Arab Studies Journal. For more information or to subscribe, click here.] Making History in Iran is a much-needed examination of how various social and institutional changes during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries shaped how the people of Iran wrote about, taught, and understood the past. Farzin Vejdani traces the gradual formation of modern historiography in Iran through periods of shifting patronage networks, the expansion of reading publics, and the ...

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Media on Media Roundup (April 25)

[Hezbollah flag in Baalbeck, Lebanon. Photo by yeowatzup, Wikimedia Commons]

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup tackles several important themes shaping the Middle East mediascape. A leaked video allegedly showing Egyptian soldiers killing detainees in the Sinai Peninsula caused a great deal of debate surrounding Egypt’s human rights record. In Lebanon, a Hezbollah-organized media tour of the country’s demarcation line with Israel generated controversy regarding Lebanon’s relationship to Israel and Hezbollah’s military power. Following a referendum extending President Erdogan’s ruling powers, the Turkish government detained the editor-in-chief of leftist website Sendika.org for denouncing  Erdogan’s win as illegitimate. The New ...

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A Letter to Foucault: Selectively Narrating the Stories of Secular Iranian Feminists

[Cover of Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment]

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is part six of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi’s Foucault in Iran builds a chapter-by-chapter defense against critics skeptical of Foucault’s engagement with the Iranian Revolution of 1979. But the pit stop the author takes in the fourth chapter linking Iran’s women’s ...

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قصائد للشاعر امبرتو سابا، المجلد الثاني

[صورة للشاعر الايطالي امبرتو سابا]

أُمبرتو سابا، المجلَّد الثَّاني Umberto Saba (1883-1957) أُمبرتو سابا في سطور: أمبرتو سابا، الاسمُ المستعارُ لأمبرتو بولي، وُلِدَ في إصطاجانكو (تْريِيْستِه) في 9 آذار/ مارس 1883، لأبٍ من عائلةٍ بندقيَّةٍ نبيلة، كان يعمل وكيلاً تجاريَّاً، وأمٍّ يهوديَّةٍ من إصطاجانكو، هي حفيدة الشَّاعر والمؤرِّخ صموئيل ديفيد لوتزاتو، وقد اعتنق والدُه اليهوديَّة لأجل هذا الزَّواج، ومع ذلك هجرته زوجته عندما وُلِد أمبرتو، فعاش هذا طفولةً حزينة بسبب غياب الأب، وقد أمضى السَّنوات الثَّلاث الأولى من طفولته مع مربِّيةٍ سولفانيَّةٍ تُدعى "بيبَّا ساباز" كانت قد فقدت ابنها فسكبت حبَّها وحنانها في أمبرتو الذي اختار اسمه المستعار "سابا" من كنيتها تكريماً لها، والكلمة تعني ...

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Foucault: Against the Ideology of Enlightenment

[Cover of Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment]

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is part three of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] At various points throughout Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi’s excellent account of Foucault and the Iranian Revolution one finds a term not typically associated with Foucault, that of ideology. This term, much more at home in Marxist social analyses, ...

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JinJin Fear with Zizi: An Interview with the Rocca Family

[Photo courtesy of Stijn Schiffeleers.]

On 8 November 2016, the American general election ushered in a fascist reality TV personality with no political experience and questionable mental health to the highest office in the land. Two days later, an evening at The Lab–San Francisco’s premier performance art venue–provided an opportunity to gather with others who are rightly wary (read: “terrified beyond the capacity for rational thought,” to quote Ghostbusters) of what the next four years hold in store for the United States and the world. As the audience assembled, a palpable sense of fear undercut the warm greetings and efforts to comfort each other, which made the evening’s performance more all the more ...

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الدقائق: نص غير منشور لحميد العقابي

[لوحة للفنان الروسي- الفرنسي مارك شاجال]

يومُ الأعزل= 1440 دقيقة صمت. دقائقُ... للحِداد، الذي فقدَ جلالَ معناه وهيبةَ رمزيته لكثرةِ ما استهلكتُه مشاعرُ تالفةٌ، غير أنه طقس يصعبُ على الأعزل أن يتخلى عنه، فقَصُرَ حتى أصبح كصلاةِ المسافر. دقائقُ... للتأمل، الذي لم يعد مُجدياً، فكلّ العبارات التي كان يرددها كمفتاحٍ لحل الطلّسم تحولتْ طلاسمَ وأقفالاً تحتاج هي نفسها إلى مفاتيحَ لم يتلفها الصدأ. دقائقُ... لسماع أغنياتٍ كان يسمعها في صباه، لكنها الآن لم تعد صالحةً حتى للبكاء، فسرعانَ ما يملّ الإصغاء إليها ويغلق أسماعه مفضلاً طنين ناموس الصمت. مرةً حاولَ الأعزلُ أن يجرّبَ صوته في الغناء، فعوى. دقائقُ... للحلم، وهنا لابد من توضيحِ أمرٍ مهم في حياة الأعزل وأحلامه، فقد أدركَ من خلال تجاربه الصمتية بأن الأحلام الجميلة ...

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Foucault and Iran

[Cover of Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi,

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is part one of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] In his remarkable book, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi presents an important analysis of Michel Foucault’s journalistic writings penned for the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera during ...

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وداعاً حميد العقابي: ملف خاصّ

[صورة للشاعر والروائي الراحل حميد العقابي]

تنشر "جدليّة" ملفاً خاصّاً عن الشاعر والروائي العراقي الراحل حميد العقابي أعدّه عمر الجفّال. سننشر مواد هذا الملف بالتسلسل على مدار الأيام القادمة وسنفعّل الروابط أدناه حال نشر كل مادة. حميد العقابي: كتبت الرواية عبر الشعر صفاء خلف: حميد العقابي...عجائبي السيرة وصانع الحكايات عمر الجفّال: أريد موتا مقنعاً: لقاء العقابي الوحيد الدقائق: نص غير منشور لحميد العقابي

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مقابلة مع الشاعر رامي العاشق

[صورة للشاعر والكاتب رامي العاشق]

رامي العاشق: " دمشق - دمشقي تحديدًا، ذهبت بلا عودة، ذهبت دون ان أعرفها جيدًا، أو تعرفني، ودون أن أبحث فيها وفي سحرها بلا نوم ولا تعب، دمشق ندمي، وذاكرتي التي بدأت أخسرها، وهي أكثر ما يؤلمني." حوار: إيزيس نصير رامي العاشق، شاعر وكاتب وصحافي فلسطيني سوري، من مخيّم اليرموك في العاصمة السورية دمشق، يعيش في ألمانيا حيث يرأس تحرير صحيفة أبواب "أول صحيفة عربية في ألمانيا" منذ ديسمبر 2015 ، يكتب الشعر بالفصحى والمحكيّة، وله ثلاثة كتب صدرت: "سيرًا على الأحلام، 2014 عمّان، دار الأيام"، "مذ لم أمت، 2016، بيروت، بيت المواطن"، و"لابس تياب السفر، 2017، رام الله، الدار الأهلية للنشر والتوزيع ومؤسسة القطّان". خرج العاشق من سوريا ...

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جلد وحبر: مقابلة لمجلة الوضع مع طه سمور

أجرى محمد علي نايل لمجلة "الوضع" هذا الحوار مع طه سمور، متخصص بوشوم المدرسة القديمة والحديثة، وفن الخط الياباني والعربي. درس في الجامعة اللبنانية، كلية علم الاجتماع والدراسات الإنسانية. يعمل كفنان وشم منذ أيلول ٢٠١١ وأستاذ للغة والأدب الإنكليزي منذ ٢٠١٢. تركز المقابلة على استعادة الحروفية في فن صناعة الوش.

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April Culture

[Helen Zughaib's Syrian Migration series #2 (2017). Image copyright the artist]

The great American Pop artist James Rosenquist (who died on 31 March) once said "History is remembered by its art, not its war machines." With this in mind, Jadaliyya's Culture Bouquet returns with new art reviews, commentary, and translated literature.  Leyla Mansour recently translated Sinan Antoon's The Corpse Washer from the Arabic into French for Actes Sud Press, and contributes an excerpt from the novel.  A short film documenting Helen Zughaib's recent solo exhibition appears courtesy of York College, Pennsylvania.  Samer Al-Saber reflects on John Halaka's latest work, which is currently on view at Gallery One, ...

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يم القاهرة

القاهرة مثل اليَم. لا يمكن أن تدخلها دون أن تلتقطك أمواج الصخب الهائجة. هل تخيل أحد عند وضع أساس هذه المدينة في القرن العاشر أنها ستتعملق وتخرج عن السيطرة إلى هذا الحد؟ وهل تخيل أحد أنها ستأوي ما يزيد عن عشرين مليون شخص بين أضلاعها؟ القاهرة ليست أكبر مدن العالم بالطبع، ولا تماثل بعض مدن الشرق الأقصى تعددًا ومساحةً، لكن هذا لا ينفي أنها قنبلة موقوتة من المكعبات الخرسانية والطرقات الأسفلتية التي يطغى عليها اللون الرمادي القاتم متفوقًا على كل المحاولات الباهتة لطلاء هذه المدينة المكتوب لألوانها الفناء أمام ...

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Revisiting ‘Foucault in Iran’: A Response

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is the final installment of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] First, I would like to thank SCTIW Review for organizing this ...

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Foucault, the Iranian Revolution, and the Politics of Collective Action

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is part five of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] In Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment Behrooz ...

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Foucault’s Folly: Iran, Political Spirituality, and Counter-Conduct

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is part four of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] Foucault’s folly! That, of course, is the common indictment against Foucault’s ...

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كتب- علي عبد الأمير: رقصة الفستان الأحمر الأخيرة

جدلية: كيف تبلورت فكرة الكتاب وما الذي قادك نحو الموضوع؟ علي عبد الأمير: لطالما درست الموسيقى العراقية والعربية والغربية، وسبقني إلى ذلك نقاد وباحثون، بوصفها علامات صوتية، إلى حين إتصالي بمنهج يقول ان موسيقى أي عصر وأغنياته، كما يصفها الناقد سيمون فريث، أصبحت من الدلائل المعتمدة لتأشير مستوى الوعي الإجتماعي، ومثل هذه المهمة "السوسيولوجية " يتعمق في توضيحها فريث عبر كتاب" الفن في موسيقى البوب " الصادر 1987 عن دار "ميثوين" بلندن ونيويورك، وكتبه بالاشتراك مع هيوارد ...

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Rescuing the Revolution from Its Outcome

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. [This is part two of a book symposium on Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi's Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the Enlightenment, consisting of six reviews and a response by the author. The symposium was originally published by The SCTIW Review, and is reposted here with their permission.] Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi’s Foucault in Iran: Islamic Revolution after the ...

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New Texts Out Now: Jens Hanssen and Max Weiss, eds. Arabic Thought Beyond the Liberal Age: Towards an Intellectual History of the Nahda

Jens Hanssen and Max Weiss, eds. Arabic Thought Beyond the Liberal Age: Towards an Intellectual History of the Nahda. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2016. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Jens Hanssen (JH): The partnership for this project with Max Weiss was born at a workshop in Chicago in April 2011. I had long anticipated the fiftieth anniversary of the publication of Albert Hourani’s seminal Arabic Thought In the Liberal Age, 1798-1939. When I suggested the idea of a conference ...

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Berlin Event: Sinan Antoon on "Language, Writing and Memory in Contexts of Migration" (18 April 2017)

Language, Writing and Memory in Contexts of Migration:  A Conversation/Book Signing with Sinan Antoon in Berlin (Hosted by Mayadin al-Tahrir) Tuesday, April 18, 7 pm. Haus der Demokratie und Menschenrechte, Greifswalder Str. 4, 10405 Berlin «Who am I?  This is a question that others ask,  but have no answer. I am my language I am an ode, two odes, ten.  This is my language» - Mahmoud Darwish In a global context of unprecedented movement and migration, in which more and more ...

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Turkiye'nin Anayasa Referandumu: Elestirel Bir Forum

Foruma Giriş Büyük gün yakın. Önümüzdeki Pazar günü Türkiye hükümetinin yapısını baştan aşağı değiştirecek olan anayasa referandumu oylanacak. Önerilen 18 maddeden oluşan bu referandumun esas hedefi yürütme erkini elden geçirmek olup, en dikkat çeken değişim hedefi ise Başbakanlığı tamamıyla yok etmektir. Dolayısıyla Cumhurbaşkanlığı sadece sembolik bir pozisyonda kalmayıp, tam aksine yürütme erkinin tek liderine dönüşecek. Önerilen maddeler kapsamında, Cumhurbaşkanı tek başına bakan, yargıç ve diğer ...

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Media on Media Roundup (April 12)

This week’s Jadaliyya “Media on Media” roundup looks at several important issues affecting the Middle East and North Africa mediascape. A chemical attack in Idlib, Syria caused the death of many civilians, resulting in competing media narratives on the nature of the attack and those injured. US President Trump’s missile strike in Syria caused mixed feelings among supporters and opponents of Trump in the US and abroad, with some arguing that his decision violated Syria’s national sovereignty. In ...

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Turkey’s Constitutional Referendum: A Roundtable

Roundtable Introduction The day is near. This coming Sunday, 16 April 2017, citizens of Turkey will make their way to the polls to vote on a constitutional referendum that will inexorably alter the Turkish government. The referendum, which consists of eighteen proposed amendments to the Constitution of Turkey, has as its main goal the overhaul of the executive branch; perhaps most drastically, it would do away with the position of prime minister, thereby transforming the presidency from being a ...

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Moment of Glory

In an article recently published by The Guardian, the late Iranian poet and filmmaker Forough Farrokhzad (1935–1967) was introduced as “Iran’s Sylvia Plath.” While this comparison may have been made with the best of intentions, it is a comparison nonetheless; and, in the case of artists from Iran like Farrokhzad, one might argue, an unnecessary, and problematic, one. Plath’s status as a literary giant is indubitable, but she was who she was in her own right: Plath was ...

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