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Afghanistan

The Constitution Project's Task Force on Detainee Treatment

[Image from detaineetaskforce.org]

[The following report was issued by the The Constitution Project on 16 April 2013.]  The Report of the Constitution Project's Task Force on Detainee Treatment  Statement of the Task Force This report of The Constitution Project’s Task Force on Detainee Treatment is the result of almost two years of intensive study, investigation and deliberation. The project was undertaken with the belief that it was important to provide an accurate and authoritative account of how the United States treated people its forces held in custody as the nation mobilized to deal with a global terrorist theat. The events examined in this report are ...

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Event: Proxy and Invisible Detention in the US Counterinsurgencies in Iraq and Afghanistan (12 March 2013, Rutgers University)

Proxy and Invisible Detention in the US Counterinsurgencies in Iraq & Afghanistan 12 March 2013, 5:00 - 6:30 p.m. Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey The Center for Middle Eastern Studies at Rutgers University presents "Proxy and Invisible Detention in the US Counterinsurgencies in Iraq & Afghanistan," a talk by Dr. Laleh Khalili, Reader in Politics of the Middle East SOAS, University of London. This talk examines the use of proxies by the United States in the War on Terror and traces their historical roots.  In the US case, extraordinary rendition had been used as early as the 1970s in the US War on ...

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New Texts Out Now: Nicola Pratt, The Gender Logics of Resistance to the "War on Terror"

[Cover of

Nicola Pratt, "The Gender Logics of Resistance to the 'War on Terror': Constructing Sex-Gender Difference Through the Erasure of Patriarchy in the Middle East." Third World Quarterly 33:10 (2012). Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this article? Nicola Pratt (NP): This article is based on fieldwork conducted in 2007 and 2008 at the “Cairo Conferences,” which were a series of conferences in opposition to imperialism, Zionism, neoliberalism, and dictatorship. Initially, I attended the 2007 Cairo Conference as an anti-war activist. At this time, the US and its allies were occupying Iraq and Israel had launched deadly assaults on Lebanon and the Gaza Strip in ...

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Afghanistan: The Long, Hard Road to the 2014 Transition

[ICG logo. Image from crisisgroup.org]

[The following report was issued by International Crisis Group on 8 October 2012.]  Afghanistan: The Long, Hard Road to the 2014 Transition  Executive Summary Plagued by factionalism and corruption, Afghanistan is far from ready to assume responsibility for security when U.S. and NATO forces withdraw in 2014. That makes the political challenge of organising a credible presidential election and transfer of power from President Karzai to a successor that year all the more daunting. A repeat of previous elections’ chaos and chicanery would trigger a constitutional crisis, lessening the chances that the present political dispensation can survive the transition. ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (27 August)

[A street dedicated to Rachel Corrie in Ramallah. Image by International Solidarity Movement Palestine. From Wikimedia Commons.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention, and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week]  News "Libya Sets Trial Date for Gaddafi's Son", Al-Jazeera English Despite a warrant from the International Criminal Court on charges of crimes against humanity and repeated calls from human rights groups and some governments to try him at the Hague, the Libyan government has set a trial date in ...

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Litigating the New Frontier in the War on Terror

[Model drone in front of the White House. Image from Brendan Smialowski / AFP]

In the landscape of the global “war on terror,” the Center for Constitutional Rights and the American Civil Liberties Union are veteran pioneers. CCR hacked into the “legal black hole” of Guantánamo by pursuing the first challenge, back in February 2002, to the denial of habeas corpus for people detained there incommunicado; they prevailed at the Supreme Court in 2004. The ACLU tunneled into the glacier of governmental secrecy with one Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) lawsuit after another, bringing to light and making publicly accessible a good deal of what we now know about US policies and practices in the context of that ongoing war. Now CCR and the ACLU are ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (30 July)

[Camp Delta at Guantanamo Bay, current location of detainee Omar Khadr and other designated 'enemy combatants'. Image from Wikimedia Commons.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention, and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week]  News "Saudi student Aldawsari convicted in failed bomb plot seeks new trial in Texas", Associated Press The Associated Press reports that attorneys for Khalid Ali-M Aldawsari, convicted in Texas last month of attempting to use a weapon of mass destruction, have field a request for a new trial in a ...

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Poetry of the Taliban

[Cover of

Alex Strick van Linschoten and Felix Kuehn, editors. Foreword by Faisal Devji. Poetry of the Taliban. London: Hurst & Co. Ltd., 2012. Since there is already a substantial discussion surrounding this compilation of poetry "of" the Taliban, it seems important to review the work within a series of broader contexts. Writing on Afghanistan has recently enjoyed an upsurge, but this is not the first such spike of western interest in Afghanistan. Amid a major catalog that has emerged over the past decade, there is a slowly growing subset of work that examines representations of Afghanistan from colonial to contemporary times as part of its project. We might ...

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New Texts Out Now: Junaid Rana, Terrifying Muslims: Race and Labor in the South Asian Diaspora

[Cover of Junaid Rana,

Junaid Rana, Terrifying Muslims: Race and Labor in the South Asian Diaspora. Durham: Duke University Press, 2011. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Junaid Rana (JR): My book was borne out of ethnographic research I completed on the role of labor migration in the global economy. I started with some basic questions: why do people become labor migrants, how does labor migration become transnational and global, what are the conditions that lead to labor migration, and how are labor migrants treated abroad? Each of these questions led to complex answers driven by fieldwork I conducted with Pakistanis before and after 11 September 2001, in Lahore, Dubai, and New ...

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Roundtable on Targeted Killing: The Secret Bureaucracy of Targeted Killing

[Soldier from 1st Squadron, 2nd Stryker Cavalry Regiment, conducts a night raid on 18 October 2007 in Baghdad. Image by Spc. Jeffery Sandstrum]

[This is the fifth part of a six-part series associated with a Jadaliyya roundtable discussing targeted killings . Participants include Richard Falk, Nathan Freed Wessler, Pardiss Kabriaei, Leonard Small, and Lisa Hajjar. Click here for the introduction to the roundtable.]  Three US citizens were killed in Yemen in 2011 by drone strikes carried out under the auspices of the government’s targeted killing program. They were neither charged with any crime nor brought before a judge. The killings were carried out by the executive branch acting alone, with no oversight from the courts and no public presentation of evidence. ...

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The War on Error

           

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The Cost of Kill/Capture: Impact of the Night Raid Surge on Afghan Civilians

[Image from cover of report.]

[The following is the latest from Open Society Foundations' Regional Policy Initiative on Afghanistan and Pakistan on night raids in Afghanistan.] Executive Summary Nighttime kill and capture operations (“night raids”) by international military have been one of the most controversial tactics in Afghanistan. They are as valued by the international military as they are reviled by Afghan communities. Night raids have been associated with the death, injury, and detention of civilians, and have sparked enormous backlash among Afghan communities. The Afghan government and the Afghan public have repeatedly called for an end to night ...

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Costs of War

[The following project was created by the Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University. Shown here is a selection of the project's content. Click here to access the website in full.] Costs of War 330,000 Killed by Violence, $4 Trillion Spent and Obligated The wars begun in 2001 have been tremendously painful for millions of people in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan, and the United States, and economically costly as well.  Each additional month and year of war will add to that ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (30 January)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention, and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week] News "UN Expert Investigates US Drone Attacks, Targeted Killings that Involve Civilian Casualties," Associated Press The AP reports on the ...

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Good Taliban, Bad Taliban: Pakistan’s Double Game and the US War on Terror

The start of 2013 brought a fresh upsurge of US drone strikes in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan, killing between twenty-three and forty-four people. Since 2008, when President George W. Bush ordered increased strikes on “militants” and associated “infrastructure targets” in these areas, killings have been a constant occurrence. President Barack Obama not only continued this policy, but escalated it dramatically. Of the 360 total strikes documented by The Bureau of ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (19 November)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention, and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week]   News "Israel Pounds Gaza Strip from Air and Sea," Al-Jazeera English Al-Jazeera English provides an overview of the first five days ...

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (13 August)

 [This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention, and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every other week]  News "Egypt Demands Release of Its Citizen from Guantanamo", Cindy Galway Buys The International Law Professors Blog reports that ...

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أپاچي

أپاچي “الحصانُ المجنونُ” لم يكُنْ حصاناً.  كان طفلاً من الأپاچي سمّتْهُ أُمّه “الحصان المجنون” لأنّه كان يعدو كالريحِ. يسْتَعْجِلُ الفُصولَ كي يكْبرَ ويدافعَ عَن الأپاچي. في الليل يراودُهُ حلمٌ واحدٌ: أنْ يكونَ طائِراً شرِساً يحلّْق في كبد السماء، يُعَشْعِشُ في الغيوم، ويَنْقَضُّ على الرّجُلِ الأبيض الذي صاد أجدادَهُ كالغزلان وشرّدهُمْ في أريزونا. لكنَّ الحمّى طاردتْ، ذاتَ قمرٍ، روحَ الحصانِ المجنون حتّى هجرَتْ جَسَدَهُ واستقرّت في غيمةٍ عابرة بينما نام جسدُهُ في حفرة أغمضت عينها دون أن ...

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Apache

“Crazy Horse” was not a horse. He was an Apache child who ran as fast as the wind. So his mother called him “Crazy Horse.” He rushed the seasons to grow up and defend the Apache. At night he dreamed of one thing: Being a strong bird and soaring into the belly of the sky to nest in one of its clouds. To pounce on the White Man who hunted his ancestors like deer and scattered them all over Arizona. But fever chased his soul out of his body and it settled in a passing cloud while his body slept in a ...

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الأزهر يريد تحرير أفغانستان

قصة لابد منها: منذ عقد أو يزيد كانت المواقف السياسية للأزهر الشريف تتسم بكونها بطيئة وهادئة مهما كانت جسامة الحدث وخطورته، وقتها كان يروج للجماهير عبر وسائل الإعلام أن تلك هي وسطية الإسلام وأن عليهم آلا ينصرفوا إلى الآخرين المتعصبين، كما أن الأزهر كمؤسسة دينية لا دخل لها بالشؤون السياسية التي يتولاها أهلها من ذوى الخبرة والحكمة. وحينما تولى شيخ الأزهر الحالي الدكتور/ أحمد الطيب منصبه، صُدمت الجماهير، ذلك أن رجل الدين هو نفسه عضو لجنة السياسات التابعة للحزب الوطني والتي كان يرأسها آنذاك نجل الرئيس ...

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Roundtable on Targeted Killing: A Meditation on Reciprocity and Self-Defense in Relation to Targeted Killing

[This is the second part of a six-part series associated with a Jadaliyya roundtable discussing targeted killings . Participants include Richard Falk, Nathan Freed Wessler, Pardiss Kabriaei, Leonard Small, and Lisa Hajjar. Click here for the introduction to the roundtable.]  There is an emergent Israeli/American controversy on the lawfulness of targeted killing. Although the policy has not yet ripened into a national debate, in the United States at least it is ...

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US Military in Afghanistan

                   

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"Have a Nice Day, Buddy:" What The Actions of a Few US Marines Say About Us All

Golden, like a shower, said one of the US marines as he urinated, along with three of his fellow officers, on three dead Afghans. Over the last forty-eight hours this grizzly spectacle has resuscitated the horrific images of US soldiers’ torturing and sexually humiliating men from Abu Ghraib prison to Guantanamo Bay. Then as now, brown bodies are the raw material through and upon which US soldiers realize their darkest fantasies and their deepest secrets. The pornography that popularized the “golden ...

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UNAMA Report: Mistreatment of Conflict-Related Detainees in Afghan Facilities

[The following is the latest from the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan on the maltreatment of detainees in Afghanistan.] UNAMA Report: Mistreatment of Conflict-Related Detainees in Afghan Facilities From October 2010 to August 2011, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) interviewed 379 pre-trial detainees and convicted prisoners at 47 detention facilities in 22 provinces across Afghanistan. In total, 324 of the 379 persons interviewed were detained by National ...

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